Coolant is an essential fluid in your vehicle. Without it, components will overheat and destroy your engine, leading to expensive repairs. If you notice coolant on the ground where you park or are constantly needing to add additional coolant to the engine, there is a good chance you have a coolant leak.
The cooling system in your car is complex and travels throughout the engine. There are many different places a leak can occur, and diagnosing it can be tricky. Continue reading to learn about the most common causes of a coolant leak, and how to address them.
The experienced technicians at Becker Service Center can quickly locate and repair a coolant leak in your car, protecting your engine and keeping you on the road.
Coolant is important
You’ve seen it before. A car is pulled over on the side of the road, hood open, with white smoke billowing everywhere. A blown coolant hose or similar catastrophe will keep a car parked until it gets repaired. These situations are certainly dramatic and will render your vehicle undrivable. A slow coolant leak may not leave you stranded, but without addressing the leak you still run the risk of overheating your engine.
Coolant is essential when it comes to keeping your engine cool. Any time your coolant system is compromised, it is crucial to get it checked out.
How does a car’s cooling system work?
The cooling system in modern vehicles cycles coolant through the engine, absorbing some of the heat created while it’s running. The coolant travels through the engine, heater core (supplying heat to the passengers), thermostat, and radiator with the help of a water pump driven by the engine.
What can cause a coolant leak?
Coolant consumption or leaks can be the result of many different issues. Generally, any area with a gasket, seal, plastic, or rubber runs the risk of degrading, cracking, and wearing out:
Cracked or broken coolant hoses
Rubber hoses connect various elements of the cooling system, and the rubber can deteriorate in the extreme temperatures and conditions of the engine bay.
Head gasket(s) leaking
Coolant comes in contact with the gasket separating the cylinder head from the bottom end of the engine. If this gasket starts leaking, coolant can escape the system and enter the combustion chamber of the cylinders, or leak out to the outside of the engine block.
A head gasket leak is a serious issue. If you notice excessive white smoke coming out of your exhaust, coolant may be entering the cylinders. Avoid driving and get your car to a technician immediately.
The radiator is a heat exchanger, removing heat from coolant coming back from the engine. When the radiator is punctured, coolant will escape, leaking out on to the ground. A severe puncture will be very noticeable, while a smaller one will drip slower like a cracked or damaged coolant hose.
Worn water pump seals
Coolant can leak from your vehicle’s water pump if the seals inside begin to wear out.
Leaking heater core
The heater core uses the hot coolantto heat the cabin of your vehicle. If the heater core is leaking. A leaking heater core can have several noticeable symptoms depending on the severity.
Where is the leaking coolant going?
If you are regularly topping off your coolant, you have a coolant leak somewhere in the system. It can be difficult to identify where the leak is coming from. Often it is best to have a professional diagnose a coolant leak, but there are a few things you can check before bringing your car into a shop.
Check where you park
Look on the ground under where you park your car. Wet spots or puddles of liquid can indicate an external coolant leak.
Check the exhaust
If you don’t notice any drips or puddles under where you park, the coolant may be leaking internally. If the leak is the result of a failing head gasket, look to the exhaust. White smoke in the tailpipe can indicate coolant entering the combustion chamber of the engine.
Visually inspect the engine
Open the hood of your vehicle and take a look around. ALLOW YOUR VEHICLE TO COOL DOWN BEFORE INSPECTING THE ENGINE. COMPONENTS CAN BE VERY HOT AND PRESSURIZED. If the leak is bad enough, you may notice green, blue, or orange liquid dripping or coating engine components. Examine hoses and the engine block itself. Pull the oil dipstick and look at the oil. Oil contaminated with coolant from a head gasket leak can have a cloudy or milky appearance.
Check under the dashboard
The heater core resides behind the dash on the passenger side of your car. If there is a coolant leak coming from the heater core, the floor beneath the dashboard may be wet.
Does the cabin smell like coolant?
If you notice the sweet smell of coolant when you are driving your car, this can be another indication of a leaking heater core.
Contact a mechanic
Regardless of whether or not you locate the source of the coolant leak, be sure to contact a trained technician to get it fixed. If no coolant appears on the ground, a mechanic can do a pressure test to determine where the coolant is leaking internally. If the leak appears to be severe, do not drive your vehicle. If the engine overheats it can be destroyed, and your repair bill will increase significantly.